Sunday, December 10, 2023

South Korea lifts U.S. poultry ban

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By Barbara Olejnik

Poultry Times Staff

WASHINGTON  — USDA has announced that the government of South Korea has lifted its ban on imports of U.S. poultry and poultry products, including fresh eggs. Korea had imposed the ban in response to a recent detection of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI).

On Aug. 11, the U.S. notified the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) that it is now free of HPAI. This notification removed any justification for U.S. trading partners to restrict imports of U.S. poultry due to HPAI concerns.

The market is now open for products produced from poultry slaughtered on or after Aug. 16, 2017.

“The United States has the strongest avian influenza surveillance program in the world and we were at once able to quickly identify, confine, and control this most recent disease outbreak. Our hope is that Korean officials will recognize that our system works and will move towards a regional approach in the event of any future findings of bird flu,” said U.S. Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue. “South Korea is one of our best trading partners, and we want to continue being their most dependable supplier of high-quality food and farm products. Korea’s lifting of its most recent ban is an important move for our poultry and egg industries, but it is still just the first step.”

Currently, South Korea bans imports from the entire U.S. in the event of a detection of HPAI anywhere in the country instead of just the area where an outbreak was detected.

Poultry industry groups applauded the move by South Korea, but also called for a regional approach to any future HPAI outbreaks in the U.S.

“We would like to thank Secretary Perdue, APHIS and FAS for their efforts to reopen this important market to U.S. chicken,” said National Chicken Council President Mike Brown. “We are hopeful that the next step will be South Korea implementing a regionalized approach to trade restrictions stemming from animal disease, consistent with OIE guidelines.”

USA Poultry & Egg Export Council President Jim Sumner added, “We would like to extend our appreciation for the dedication and efforts of APHIS and FAS in getting this ban lifted. Now, we look forward to seeing South Korea implement regionalization.”

Sumner also joined with American Egg Board President and CEO Anne L. Alonzo in commenting on the South Korean action.

“U.S. egg farmers are at the ready to once again assist South Korean consumers and food manufacturers with a reliable and nutritious supply of U.S. eggs. We are especially grateful to the USDA for the efforts of its agencies, APHIS and FAS, for their efforts in working with the South Korean government to get this ban lifted. We are also looking forward to future efforts aimed at the implementation of regionalization by the South Korea Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA).”

In 2014, the last full year without any HPAI-related trade restrictions in place, South Korea purchased $122 million in U.S. poultry products, including eggs, making it the United States’ 10th-largest market. South Korea’s imports from all sources exceeded $350 million in 2016, but only $39 million came from the U.S.

Korea has also announced a temporary measure that will allow U.S. eggs and egg products to enter the country duty free in the face of a shortage of domestic supplies. Earlier this year, USDA worked with Korea’s agriculture ministry to reopen the market for U.S. eggs and egg products, but imports were again restricted after the HPAI detection in Tennessee. Year-to-date exports through June have totaled $12 million, up nearly $10 million compared with the same period last year.

Effective Aug. 9, a temporary duty-free Tariff Rate Quota for eggs and egg products is in effect for up to 28,000 metric tons across nine categories of eggs and egg products, which can now be imported under duty free through the end of 2017.

The American Egg Board notes that the USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service in Seoul has reported that South Korea’s Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDA) will test five consecutive shipments of U.S. eggs — including table eggs, liquid whole eggs, liquid yolks, dried whole egg, dried whites, dried yolk and pidan — to determine the eggs are free of pesticides.

If there is no violation, MFDA will stop testing U.S. products. Tests are being conducted on local and imported products equally and only a limited number of shipments will be tested.

Testing performed by MFDS does not incur any additional fee to importers.

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